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Amela Ajanovic, PhD
Amela Ajanovic is associate professor of Energy Economics at the Institute of Energy Systems and Electric Drives at the Technical University of Vienna in Austria. She teaches Energy Economics in transport.
Her current research focus is on (i) alternative fuels and alternative automotive technologies (ii) transition towards a sustainable transport system; (iii) transport energy policy strategies and (iv) long-term energy scenarios.
She holds a degree in electrical engineering and a PhD in energy economics at Vienna University of Technology. She is responsible for research, project acquisition and scientific coordination in the area of energy economics with a focus on sustainable transport. She works in these fields since more than ten years and has published more than 20 papers in peer-reviewed international journals.
Speech Title: Economic and Environmental Performance of Electric Vehicles
Abstract: Currently passenger car transport is mainly based on fossil fuels and internal combustion engine vehicles. Using this technology, we are facing different problems such as increasing air pollution and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, as well as problem with energy supply security. For heading towards a more sustainable transport system alternative fuels, based on renewable energy sources (RES), and alternative automotive systems are of central importance. The most environmentally friendly vehicles discussed today are battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and fuel cell vehicles (FCVs). These vehicles are zero-emission vehicles at the point of use. In the case that electricity and hydrogen are produced from RES, BEVs and FCVs could significantly contribute to the reduction of GHG emissions.
The core objective of this paper is to analyze different types of electric vehicles from an economic and environmental point of view. We have considered whole energy supply chain including different primary energy sources used for electricity production.
Our method of approach is based on calculation of total cost of ownership of electric vehicles in comparison to conventional cars, and a life-cycle approach to assess the environmental benignity. The most crucial parameters in this context are km driven per year, depreciation time of the car and interest rate.
Although electric vehicles are widely promoted and supported, as well as available in the market, use of electricity for mobility in still very low, global just about 2.1% of the total energy consumption in the transport sector. Every type of analyzed electric vehicles has some advantages and disadvantages. Further research and development are needed to make EVs more competitive in the market and attractive for users. How fast this process will be is very dependent on the political preferences, governmental investments but also on the future concern about climate change.
Reinhard Haas, PhD，(University Professor)
Energy Economics Group, Institute of Energy Systems and Electric Drives, Vienna University of Technology
Reinhard Haas is university professor of Energy Economics at Vienna University of Technology in Austria. He teaches Energy Economics, Regulation and Competition in Energy markets, and Energy Modelling.
His current research focus is on (i) evaluation and modelling of dissemination strategies for renewables; (ii) modelling paths towards sustainable energy systems; (iii) liberalisation vs regulation of energy markets; (iv) energy policy strategies.
He works in these fields since more than 20 years and has published more than 60 papers in reviewed international journals. Moreover, he has coordinated and coordinates projects for Austrian institutions as well as the European Commission and the International Energy Agency.
Dr. Magnus Thor Jonsson, University of Iceland,
Dr. Manfred Schrödl, TU Wien, Austria
Dr. Pall Valdimarsson, University of Iceland,